Hayao Miyazaki (宮崎 駿 Miyazaki Hayao?) is considered one of the greatest animators and directors in Japan. The entertaining plots, compelling characters and breathtaking animation in his films have earned him international renown from critics as well as public recognition within Japan. Disney's commitment to introduce the films to the rest of the world will let more people appreciate the high-quality works Miyazaki has given us.
Hayao Miyazaki was born in Tōkyō on January 5, 1941. He majored in economics while attending Gakushuin, where he also was a member of the children's literature club. After graduating he started his career in 1963 as an animator at the studio Toei Dōga, and was subsequently involved in many early classics of Japanese animation. From the beginning, he commanded attention with his incredible ability to draw, and the seemingly-endless stream of movie ideas he proposed.
In 1971, he moved to A Pro with Isao Takahata, then to Nippon Animation in 1973, where he was heavily involved in the World Masterpiece Theater TV animation series for the next five years. In 1978, he directed his first TV series, Conan, The Boy in Future, then moved to Tokyo Movie Shinsha in 1979 to direct his first movie, the classic Lupin III: The Castle of Cagliostro.
In 1984, he released Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind, based on the manga (comic) of the same title he had started two years before. The success of the film led to the establishment of a new animation studio, Studio Ghibli, at which Miyazaki has since directed, written, and produced many other films with Takahata. All of these films enjoyed critical and box office successes. In particular, Miyazaki's Princess Mononoke received the Japan Academy Award for Best Film and was the highest-grossing (about US$150 million) domestic film in Japan's history until it was taken over by another Miyazaki work, Spirited Away.
In addition to animation, Miyazaki also draws manga. His major work was the Nausicaä manga, an epic tale he worked on intermittently from 1982 to 1994 when he wasn't busy making animated films. Another manga, Hikōtei Jidai, was later adapted into his 1992 film Porco Rosso.
Here are links to pages listing books written by or about, or contributed to by Miyazaki. Also listed are books for children recommended by Miyazaki:
Essays and papers about Miyazaki
A number of people have written papers and essays about Miyazaki. We will add links to them here as we become aware of them:
- "Una apuesta por el equilibrio. Problemas medioambientales de Japón en la obra de Hayao Miyazaki" by Alicia Núñez Puerto (PDF, Spanish)